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TED演讲之败中求胜 去怀疑的勇气(2)

Now, Alice had trouble getting funding for her research.

当时,Alice很难为她的研究筹备到资金。

In the end, she got just 1,000 pounds from the Lady Tata Memorial prize.

最后,她只得到了1000英镑,从Lady Tata纪念奖得来的。

And that meant she knew she only had one shot at collecting her data.

这意味着她知道她对于收集数据,只有一次机会。

Now, she had no idea what to look for.

她完全不知道应当寻找什么。

This really was a needle in a haystack sort of search, so she asked everything she could think of.

这对于需要大量数据的研究来说是一个沉重打击,因此她问了所有她能想到的东西。

Had the children eaten boiled sweets? Had they consumed colored drinks?

这些孩子有没有吃煮沸的甜食? 他们有没有喝花里胡哨的饮料?

Did they eat fish and chips? Did they have indoor or outdoor plumbing?

他们是不是吃油炸鱼和薯片了? 他们是不是使用过户内或者户外的铅制品?

What time of life had they started school?

他们什么时候开始上学的?

And when her carbon copied questionnaire started to come back, one thing and one thing only jumped out with the statistical clarity of a kind that most scientists can only dream of.

而当她的调查问卷回来时,只有一个明显的数据显示了出来,这是大多数科学家都无法想象的。

By a rate of two to one, the children who had died had had mothers who had been X-rayed when pregnant.

三分之二的这些由于癌症而死的孩子,他们的母亲在怀孕的时候都做过X光检查。

Now that finding flew in the face of conventional wisdom.

这个发现对于传统观念是一大冲击。

Conventional wisdom held that everything was safe up to a point, a threshold.

传统观念认为,任何事情在一种程度上都是安全的,像一个门槛。

演讲简介:大多数人自然而然地回避矛盾,但是Margaret Heffernan为我们展示的,好的怀疑精神对于进步是很关键的。 她为我们证明了(有时候通过反直觉的方式)为什么最好的伙伴不是志趣相投的人,以及好的研究,团队,人际关系,以及商业如何允许人们去怀疑和争执的。

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《TED演讲之败中求胜 去怀疑的勇气(2)》

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