SD冠军锦标赛|美国藤校演讲与辩论赛中国选拔赛

SDcamps•演辩营全国英语演讲与辩论赛

TED演讲之寻找真理:失落了的民主辩论艺术(4)

Now, notice, something interesting —

接下来有意思的事情来了

Well, I should tell you about the Supreme Court first.

哦,我先说一下最高法院的审理结果吧

The Supreme Court decided.

最高法院判定:

What do you suppose they said?

你们猜是怎样?

They said yes, that Casey Martin must be provided a golf cart.

最高法院同意了马丁的请求,判决他可以使用高尔夫球车

Seven to two, they ruled.

投票表决七比二胜出

What was interesting about their ruling

一件很有意思的事情是

and about the discussion we've just had is that

关于他们的判决以及我们刚才的讨论,

the discussion about the right, the justice, of the matter depended on figuring out what is the essential nature of golf.

此案的公平公正取决于判断什么才是高尔夫运动的本质

And the Supreme Court justices wrestled with that question.

最高法院的大法官们就这一问题展开了激烈交锋

And Justice Stevens, writing for the majority,

大法官史蒂文斯,站在大多数人一边

said he had read all about the history of golf,

他号称他读了所有关于高尔夫运动的历史文献

and the essential point of the game is

得出的结论是:

to get very small ball from one place into a hole in as few strokes as possible,

这项运动本质是把一个很小的球从某处打入洞中,击打杆数越少越好

and that walking was not essential, but incidental.

场上的走动并非本质,而是附带事件

Now, there were two dissenters, one of whom was Justice Scalia.

有两位法官持不同意见,其中一位是大法官斯卡利亚

He wouldn't have granted the cart, and he had a very interesting dissent.

他不同意使用代步车,他反对的理由很有意思

It's interesting because he rejected the Aristotelian premise underlying the majority's opinion.

因为他反对大多数人所认同的亚里士多德前提

He said it's not possible to determine the essential nature of a game like golf.

他说定义高尔夫等运动的本质是一件不可能的事

Here's how he put it.

他的原话是:

"To say that something is essential is ordinarily to say that

"说某样事物是具有本质意义的,

it is necessary to the achievement of a certain object."

等于在说它对能否完成某目标起决定作用"

But since it is the very nature of a game to have no object except amusement,

但是,文娱运动的本质就是漫无目的地取乐

that is, what distinguishes games from productive activity,

这是文娱活动区别于生产劳动的重要本质

it is quite impossible to say that any of a game's arbitrary rules is essential."

所以,没有哪条体育运动规则可以称得上具有本质意义

So there you have Justice Scalia taking on the Aristotelian premise of the majority's opinion.

这就是大法官斯卡利亚对于亚里士多德前提的驳论

演讲简介

民主兴盛于公民的自由辩论,遗憾的是我们却疏于练习。在这个新颖有趣的演讲里,听众们参与辩论最高法院近年受理的一个案件(凯西.马丁状告美国职业高尔夫球协会),并从互动讨论中揭示出公平正义的关键本质。


NSDA“SDcamps”全国英语演讲与辩论大赛(大学组)/SDcamps全国中小学生英语演讲与辩论大会(中小学及幼儿组)/美式辩论赛(以下简称大赛/大会)现诚招全国省市合作伙伴或城市合伙人,共同进行推广NSDA赛事品牌、举办赛事及培训活动、开展素质教育、美式营地项目等多方面合作。

我们希望认同NSDA理念,有赛事组织经验,或有教育资源,特别是有理想有热情的机构或个人一起携手,共同推广NSDA品牌、赛事及素质教育。以机构的形式,或以城市合伙人的方式均可。具体的赛事组织、盈利模式,欢迎电话或微信咨询。

微信:0012133598196

《TED演讲之寻找真理:失落了的民主辩论艺术(4)》

详情查看:NSDA(全美演讲与辩论联盟)赛事活动诚招全国各城市合作伙伴

点赞

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

此站点使用Akismet来减少垃圾评论。了解我们如何处理您的评论数据