TED演讲之伟大预言 马丁·里斯:这是我们最后的世纪吗?(5)

In fact, some years ago, Bill Joy wrote an article expressing tremendous concern about robots taking us over, etc.


I don’t go along with all that, but it’s interesting that he had a simple solution.


It was what he called “fine-grained relinquishment.” He wanted to give up the dangerous kind of science and keep the good bits.


Now, that’s absurdly naive for two reasons. First, any scientific discovery has benign consequences as well as dangerous ones.


And also, when a scientist makes a discovery, he or she normally has no clue what the applications are going to be.


And so what this means is that we have to accept the risks if we are going to enjoy the benefits of science.


We have to accept that there will be hazards. And I think we have to go back to what happened in the post-War era, post-World War II,


when the nuclear scientists who’d been involved in making the atomic bomb, in many cases were concerned that they should do all they could to alert the world to the dangers.


And they were inspired not by the young Einstein, who did the great work in relativity,

他们所受的启发并非来自于年轻时的爱因斯坦 – 即发明相对论时的他 –

but by the old Einstein, the icon of poster and t-shirt, who failed in his scientific efforts to unify the physical laws.


He was premature. But he was a moral compass — an inspiration to scientists who were concerned with arms control.

他的理论尚未成熟。但是他却是一个道德楷模 – 激励着那些关心进行军备控制的科学家们。

And perhaps the greatest living person is someone I’m privileged to know, Joe Rothblatt.

我有幸认识也许是尚在世的最伟大的人之一 – 乔洛特布拉德。

Equally untidy office there, as you can see. He’s 96 years old, and he founded the Pugwash movement.


He persuaded Einstein, as his last act, to sign the famous memorandum of Bertrand Russell.


And he sets an example of the concerned scientist. And I think to harness science optimally, to choose which doors to open and which to leave closed,


we need latter-day counterparts of people like Joseph Rothblatt.





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