SD冠军锦标赛|美国藤校演讲与辩论赛中国选拔赛

SDcamps•演辩营全国英语演讲与辩论赛

TED演讲之寻找真理:失落了的民主辩论艺术

One thing the world needs,

有一样东西,这个世界非常需要,

one thing this country desperately needs

这个国家更是迫切需要

is a better way of conducting our political debates.

那就是一种更好地进行政治辩论的方法

We need to rediscover the lost art of democratic argument.

我们需要复兴失落了的民主辩论艺术

If you think about the arguments we have,

想想时下的所谓辩论吧

most of the time it's shouting matches on cable television,

大多数是电视节目中的唇枪舌战

ideological food fights on the floor of Congress.

或是国会里基于不同价值观的相互抨击

I have a suggestion.

我对此有一个建议

Look at all the arguments we have these days over health care,

大家看看时下的焦点话题:关于医疗保障,

over bonuses and bailouts on Wall Street, over the gap between rich and poor,

关于金融制度,关于贫富差距,

over affirmative action and same-sex marriage.

反对歧视和同性婚姻等等

Lying just beneath the surface of those arguments,

在这些问题背后

with passions raging on all sides,

是一些引发强烈争议的,

are big questions of moral philosophy, big questions of justice.

关于伦理道德,公平正义的大是大非问题

But we too rarely articulate and defend

可惜在政治辩论中,

and argue about those big moral questions in our politics.

我们极少涉及或讨论这些关于伦理的大问题

So what I would like to do today is have something of a discussion.

所以我今天想做的就是和大家进行一个讨论

First, let me take a famous philosopher

首先,我想引用一位古希腊著名哲学家

who wrote about those questions of justice and morality,

关于公正和伦理的著述

give you a very short lecture on Aristotle of ancient Athens,

给大家一段简短的演讲,这是亚里士多德关于公正的理论

Aristotle's theory of justice, and then have a discussion here

然后我们进行讨论

to see whether Aristotle's ideas

看看亚里士多德的理论

actually inform the way we think and argue about questions today.

是否验证了今天我们看待和辩论问题的方式

So, are you ready for the lecture?

我要开始演讲了,准备好了?

According to Aristotle, justice means giving people what they deserve.

亚里士多德曰:公正意味着给予人们他们所应得的

That's it; that's the lecture.

好了,演讲结束

Now, you may say, well, that's obvious enough.

你可能会说,这根本就是明摆着的

The real questions begin when it comes to arguing about who deserves what and why.

但问题的争议往往在于谁应该得到什么,理由是什么?

Take the example of flutes. Suppose we're distributing flutes.

举个例子来说,假设我们要分配笛子

Who should get the best ones?

谁应该得到最好的笛子呢?

Let's see what people — What would you say?

你们怎么说?

Who should get the best flute?

谁应该得到最好的笛子?

You can just call it out.

直接说出来就行

At random. You would do it by lottery.

有人说随机分配,就跟抽彩票一样

Or by the first person to rush into the hall to get them. Who else?

或者先到者先得,还有其他想法吗?

The best flute players. The worst flute players.

有人说给最好的笛子手.有人说要给最差的笛子手

How many say the best flute players? Why?

有多少人觉得应该给最好的笛子手?

Actually, that was Aristotle's answer too.

实际上,这也是亚里士多德的回答

演讲简介

民主兴盛于公民的自由辩论,遗憾的是我们却疏于练习。在这个新颖有趣的演讲里,听众们参与辩论最高法院近年受理的一个案件(凯西.马丁状告美国职业高尔夫球协会),并从互动讨论中揭示出公平正义的关键本质。


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《TED演讲之寻找真理:失落了的民主辩论艺术》

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